TORCH Infections

Rubella is generally a benign communicable exanthematous disease caused by Rubella virus, which is a member of the Rubivirus genus of the family Togaviridae. Nearly one half of individuals infected with this virus are asymptomatic. Infection in younger children is characterized by mild constitutional symptoms, rash, and suboccipital adenopathy; conversely, in older children, adolescents, and adults, rubella may be complicated by arthralgia, arthritis, and thrombocytopenic purpura. Rare cases of rubella encephalitis have also been described in children. The major complication of rubella is its teratogenic effects when pregnant women are infected, especially in the early weeks of gestation. The virus can be transmitted to the fetus through the placenta and is capable of causing serious congenital defects, abortions, and stillbirths.

Rubella virus Kits

V24-50FRT

SA, RG, iQ, SC,MX, A,IL,B

Rubella Real-TM

Real Time Amplification kit

R

CE1023

50

1x103  copies/ml

Toxoplasma gondii

Toxoplasmosis is caused by infection with Toxoplasma gondii, an obligate intracellular parasite. The infection produces a wide range of clinical syndromes in humans, mammals, and various bird species. In most immunocompetent individuals, primary or chronic (latent) T. gondiiinfection is asymptomatic. A small percentage of these patients eventually develops chorioretinitis, lymphadenitis, or, rarely, myocarditis and polymyositis. However, certain individuals are at high risk for severe or life-threatening toxoplasmosis: fetuses, newborns, and immunologically impaired patients. Congenital toxoplasmosis is usually a subclinical infection. Among immunodeficient individuals, toxoplasmosis most often occurs in those with defects of T-cell–mediated immunity, such as those with hematologic malignancies, bone marrow and solid organ transplants, or AIDS.

Toxoplasma gondii kits

P1-50FRT

SA, RG, iQ, SC,MX, A,IL,B,LC

Toxoplasma gondii Real-TM

Real Time Amplification kit

R

CE1023

50

4 х102 copies/ml

Parvovirus B19

Parvovirus B19 (B19V) is a single-stranded DNA virus of the family Parvoviridae and genus Erythrovirus. Human parvovirus B19 was shown to be the etiologic agent of erythema infectiosum in hematologically normal persons. Erythema infectiosum was originally named Fifth disease because it was the fifth of 6 classic exanthematous diseases of childhood to be described. Later, cases of nonimmune hydrops fetalis were reported when infection occurred during pregnancy. Patients who are immunocompromised (e.g., receiving chemotherapy or immunosuppressive drugs or have immune defects [congenital and acquired]) may develop chronic parvovirus B19 infection that results in chronic anemia. Pure red cell aplasia (PRAC) persists until the virus is cleared and should be distinguished from the transient anemia described above. Chronic parvovirus B19 infection in transplant recipients has been linked to anemia, other hematologic abnormalities, myocarditis, and pneumonitis.

Parvovirus B19 kits

TV49-50FRT

SA, RG, iQ, SC,MX, A,IL,B,LC

Parvovirus B19 Real-TM

Complete Real Time Test with Ribo-Sorb extraction kit

R

CE

50

2 х102 copies/ml

V49-50FRT

SA, RG, iQ, SC,MX, A,IL,B,LC

Parvovirus B19 Real-TM

Real Time Amplification kit

R

CE

50

2 х102 copies/ml